Nauplia or Nafplio is a town situated on the Argolic gulf in the northeast Peloponnese, in Greece. The city is a seaport town and has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf. In Classical Antiquity it was known as Nauplia, during the Middle ages and Byzantine period as Nafplio, during the Venetian domination as Napoli di Romania. In the 19th and the 20th century the town was called Nafplio.
Nauplia has been inhabited since the ancient times. It was the port of Argos in ancient Argolis. The Acronauplia walls belong to the pre classical period. During the ages, Byzantines, Franks, Venetians and Turks added to the fortifications. During the subsequent 150 years, the lower city was expanded and fortified.
During the Greek war of independence, Nauplia was a major Ottoman stronghold. The town surrendered to the Greek troops and became the seat of the provisional government of Greece. Count Ioannis Kapodistrias made it official capital of Greece in 1829. Nauplia remained as the capital of the Kingdom of Greece until 1834 when king Otto decided to move the capital to Athens.
Nowadays, Nauplia is a port with fishing and transport ongoing, although the primary source of the local society is tourism.
There is a public bus from Athens to Nauplia and the journey takes two hours and twenty minutes.
The visitor of the town must see the Acronauplia, the fortifications of Palamidi, the small island Bourtzi in the middle of the harbour, the old town, the church of Aghios Georgios and many other churches, the Archaeological museum, the central Library, the National Gallery.
The are two beaches, many hotels of several categories, restaurants, local taverns, cafes and nightlife.